L2 transparency – IPv6

The IPv6 transparency test verifies IPv6 header integrity, i.e. checks that IPv6 packets are not dropped or blocked in the network.

The IPv6 transparency test also verifies transparency for a number of IPv6 protocols:

  • Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD), Versions 1 and 2
  • ICMPv6 with packet types
    • Router Solicitation
    • Router Advertisement
    • Neighbor Solicitation
    • Neighbor Advertisement
  • ICMPv6 Echo
  • DHCPv6 Solicit

The link is considered IPv6 transparent if the IPv6 packets go through. No verification is done of packet content.

Test procedure and fail criteria

The test is divided into two parts corresponding to the above description.

IPv6 header integrity

In this part of the test, 10 IPv6 packets are sent with dummy payload. The flow label, hop limit, traffic class fields, and UDP ports are set to the same value (in the range 0 ... 255) for each packet.

The test fails if any packet is dropped, or if the flow label, hop limit, traffic class fields, or UDP ports do not match between sender and receiver.

IPv6 protocol transparency

In this part of the test, a number of IPv6 protocols are tested for transparency. For each protocol, one packet is generated with correctly configured Ethernet and IPv6 headers, and it is checked that the messages pass transparently. The protocols tested are:

  • Multicast Listener Discovery Protocol version 1 (MLD)
    • MLD query and report messages
  • Multicast Listener Discovery Protocol version 2 (MLDv2)
    • MLD query and report messages
  • Neighbor Solicitation
    • Neighbor Solicitation messages
  • Neighbor Advertisement
    • Neighbor Advertisement messages
  • Router Solicitation
    • Router Solicitation messages
  • Router Advertisement
    • Router Advertisement messages
  • ICMPv6 Echo
    • ICMPv6 Echo messages
  • DHCPv6 Solicit
    • DHCPv6 Solicit messages

The test fails for a particular protocol if the message sent on that protocol does not pass transparently.

Limitations

This test can only be run on physical or VLAN interfaces (not bridges).

This test cannot be run through a routed (Layer 3) network.

Parameters

General

  • Sender: The sender interface.
  • Receiver: The receiver interface.
  • Expected outcome for <protocol>: For each protocol, select Pass, Drop, or Don't test. The default is Pass.
  • Wait for ready: Time to wait before starting the test. The purpose of inserting a wait is to allow all Test Agents time to come online and acquire good time sync. Min: 1 min. Max: 24 hours. Default: "Don't wait", i.e. zero wait time.

Result metrics

  • Pass/fail on IPv6 header integrity, overall and for each IPv6 protocol
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